Zailatul Hani Mohamad Yadzir, Rosmilah Misnan, Noormalin Abdullah, Faizal Bakhtiar, Masita Arip and Shahnaz Murad (2012). Identification of the major allergen of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn). Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2(1): 50-54
Objective: To characterize the major allergens of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn).
Methods: Raw and cooked extracts of the giant freshwater prawn were prepared. The IgE reactivity pattern was identified by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and immunoblotting technique with the sera of 20 skin prick test (SPT) positive patients. The major allergen identified was then characterized using the proteomics approach involving a combination of two-dimensional (2-DE) electrophoresis, mass spectrometry and bioinformatics tools.
Results: SDS-PAGE of the raw extract showed 23 protein bands (15-250 kDa) but those ranging from 40 to 100 kDa were not found in the cooked extract. From immunoblotting experiments, raw and cooked extracts demonstrated 11 and 5 IgE-binding proteins, respectively, with a molecular mass ranging from 15 to 155 kDa. A heat-resistant 36 kDa protein was identified as the major allergen of both extracts. In addition, a 42 kDa heat-sensitive protein was shown to be a major allergen of the raw extract. The 2-DE gel fractionated the prawn proteins to more than 50 different protein spots. Of these, 10 spots showed specific IgE reactivity with patients’ sera. Matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) analysis led to identification of 2 important allergens, tropomyosin and arginine kinase.
Conclusions: It can be concluded that the availability of such allergens would help in component-based diagnosis and therapy of prawn allergies.