Cheol In Kang, Jae-Hoon Song, So Hyun Kim, Doo Ryeon Chung, Kyong Ran Peck, Visanu Thamlikitkul, Hui Wang, Thomas Man-Kit So, Po-Ren Hsueh, Rohani Md Yasin, Celia C Carlos, Pham Hung Van and Jennifer Perera (2013). Risk factors and pathogenic significance of bacteremic pneumonia in adult patients with community-acquired pneumococcal pneumonia. Journal of Infection 66(1): 34-40
Objective: This study was performed to identify risk factors for the development of bacteremic pneumonia and to evaluate the impact of bacteremia on the outcome of pneumococcal pneumonia.
Methods: Using a database from a surveillance study of community-acquired pneumococcal pneumonia, we compared data of the bacteremic group with that of the non-bacteremic group.
Results: Among 981 adult patients with pneumococcal pneumonia, 114 (11.6%) patients who had documented pneumococcal bacteremia were classified into the bacteremic group. In a multivariable analysis, use of immunosuppressant drugs, younger age (<65 years), and DM were independent risk factors associated with the development of bacteremic pneumonia among patients with pneumococcal pneumonia (all P < 0.05). The mortality rate was significantly higher in the bacteremic group than in the non-bacteremic group (28.6% vs. 8.5%; P < 0.001). The multivariable analysis revealed that concomitant bacteremia was one of the significant risk factors associated with mortality (OR, 2.57; 95% CI, 1.24-5.29), along with cerebrovascular disease and presentation with septic shock (all P < 0.05).
Conclusions: Bacteremia was a common finding in pneumococcal pneumonia and was associated with a higher mortality rate. Several clinical variables may be useful for predicting bacteremic pneumonia among patients with pneumococcal pneumonia.