Ernie Zuraida Ali, Zabedah Mohd Yunus, Norsiah Desa and Ngu Lock Hock (2013). Identification of novel homozygous mutation (S1441) in a malay patients with maple syrup urine disease. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism 26(9-10): 975-980
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder of branched-chain amino acid metabolism caused by the defective function of branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex (BCKDH). It is characterised by increased plasma leucine, isoleucine, and valine levels, and mutations can be detected in any one of the BCKDHA, BCKDHB, and DBT genes. In this study, we describe the molecular basis of a novel mutation found in one MSUD Malay patient from consanguineous parents. A homozygous mutation has been detected in this patient whose both parents carried a heterozygous mutation at DNA coding region c.431G>T in exon 4, which resulted in a substitution of serine to isoleucine at codon 144 (p.S144I). In silico analysis predicted S144I to be potentially damaging. The mutation was located on the alpha helical region of the BCKDHA protein, and it is predicted to affect the stability of protein due to the loss of various polar interactions between local secondary structures. Homology analysis revealed that this mutation occurred in a highly conserved region (100%). This result indicates that S144I mutation is likely pathogenic and may contribute to the classic form of MSUD in this patient.